Creative design for tesselation of bricks is a personal project.

Bricks are basic building materials for walls, pavements and interior decoration. With the rapid development of manufacturing technology, nowadays factories are able to use various kinds of materials to fabricate special-shaped bricks with complicated texture. These bricks make up brick walls with special visual effects arousing more imagination on interior space.

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In the late 2018, I worked as a part-time intern for RETO Eco-solutions Company to design new bricks. My design work involves two aspects: design for tesselation of bricks and brickwall design using image processing algorithms.

Design for Tesselation

A tessellation of a flat surface is the tiling of a plane using one or more geometric shapes, with no overlaps and no gaps. An infinite plain can only be tesselated by three kinds of regular polygons: triangles, squares and hexagons. However, by cutting and filling of polygons, a number of aesthetically beautiful patterns can be designed.

At the beginning of the design process, a large number of paper models were made to explore the relationship of light and shadow.  

After that, I used acrylic and polyform to make 1:1 models, trying different possibilities as well as observing the overall visual effects of the bricks. Those materials were shaped carefully by files to ensure there were no laps and overlaps once put together. 

After two rounds of selection, the third step was to model the bricks in 3D softwares. In this case, Solidworks and Rhino were being used.

The models were put together and rendered by Keyshot to simulate light effects in real physical world, as is shown in the rendering below.

Brickwall  as canvas

In interior design, painting are used as decorations to add interests to plain painted wall. I’d like to combine these two elements together. Using a simple image processing algorithm, a portraiture can be transferred into a mosaic-style paint. If you take a close look at the picture, you’ll find that it’s actually composed of small white brick with black squares of different sizes on it.

Referring the thought of modularization, the factory is able to meet customized design needs ranging from portraiture to landscape paintings with merely 8 kinds of white bricks. A map is simultaneously generated during the image processing process, which ensures that workers can lay the bricks easily.